A look at the record of
disasters in Mozambique shows that the country is particularly
climatic hazards, most notably
Meteorological records show that
usually occurs during the rainy season which falls mainly during the months of
October to April, with some slight variations across the country.
has principally been confined to river valleys and low-lying areas where
drainage systems have either
or do not exist. Records of
dating from 1946, show that they also mostly occur between the months of October
The main areas of incidence are along the coastline of Mozambique, with some occasionally moving inland. Historical references to drought show that the country habitually suffers from extremely dry conditions approximately every ten years. Certain parts of the country are more prone than others, notably the provinces of Tete, Nampula, Niassa and Gaza.
Recent past emergencies, especially the 2000 and 2001 floods, were caused by record rains due to unprecedented weather patterns involving cyclones (in 2000) and storms linked to La Niña, a warmer Indian Ocean , global warming and a peak of natural weather cycles. The current humanitarian situation on the other hand, has been provoked by irregular and insufficient rainfall since the beginning of 2002 in most of the country's southern and central regions. Human activity and changed patterns of land use also contributed to worsening the impact of these events.
With more than two thirds of Mozambique's population living below the poverty line, such shocks can have dramatic consequences on the lives of the affected population. In the Mozambican context, this vulnerability is now further complicated by the enormous social impact that the high HIV/AIDS prevalence has on individuals, their families and their communities. The national HIV prevalence rate is now 13%, but this hides huge variation between the provinces, with rates over 20% in some areas. HIV/AIDS has now been recognised by many as the fundamental and underlying cause of vulnerability throughout the Southern Africa Southern Africa Region.
apadrinhar.wmv bairro.wm costura.wmv creche.wmv escola.wmv fprofissional.wmv
source: unicef.org (September 2005)